Archive for the ‘Salud Pública// Health System’ Category

Aumenta la esperanza de vida en el mundo pero desciende en Iraq

17 mayo, 2011

Según un informe de la OMS [1], la esperanza de vida ha aumentado en el mundo excepto en dos países: República Dominicana e Iraq.

Según el citado informe, el promedio de vida en Iraq descendió de los 68 años en 2000 (con Sadam en eel poder) a 66 años en 2009. La expectativa de vida para las mujeres sigue siendo más alta que la de los hombres, ya que se espera que las niñas nacidas en 2009 alcancen los 70 años mientras que los niños solo llegarán a los 62 años de edad.

“Las cifras reflejan el caos derivado del conflicto y su impacto sobre los sistemas de salud”, afirma Colin Mathers, uno de los coordinadores del informe anual de estadísticas mundiales de salud de la OMS.

Notas:

1.- World Health Statistiscs report, disponible en inglés en: http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/2011/en/index.html

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Según la Academia Americana de Neurología los refugiados iraquíes tienen un elevado riesgo de sufrir patologías relacionadas con el cerebro y el sistema nerviosl

15 abril, 2011

American Academy of Neurology, 13 de abril de 2011

Traducido para IraqSolidaridad.wordpress.com por Paloma Valverde

Recientes investigaciones sugieren que un elevado número de refugiados iraquíes padecen afecciones cerebrales y del sistema nervioso, al igual que quienes han sido víctimas de las torturas y los discapacitados. Esta sorprendente investigación se presentará en el 63º Congreso anual de la Academia Americana de Neurología [1].

Naciones Unidas calcula que hay varios miles de refugiados iraquíes en Estados Unidos y su número se incrementa cada año. “[…] Se estima que el número total de refugiados en el mundo es de 40 millones y entre ellos el número de iraquíes aumenta cada año debido a los conflictos en Oriente Próximo” afirma Farrah Mateen, médico del Departamento de Neurología y Salud Internacional de la Universidad Johns Hopkins de Baltimore, y miembro de la Academia Americana de Neurología. “[…] Nuestra investigación presenta los primeros resultados de un proyecto piloto nacional más amplio de Naciones Unidas para monitorizar  las enfermedades neurológicas en las personas desplazadas”, relata.

En 2010, Naciones Unidas informó de que en Jordania había 36.953 refugiados iraquíes y solicitantes de asilo y de ellos 7.621 recibían asistencia médica.

Para llevar a cabo este estudio, los investigadores utilizaron la base de datos de Naciones Unidas en Jordania. Se informó de que un total de 1.295 refugiados padecían trastornos cerebrales o del sistema nervioso, es decir, un 4 por ciento de todos los refugiados iraquíes registrados; de ellos, el 10 por ciento eran discapacitados.

El estudio dio como resultado que el 5 por ciento de los refugiados con trastornos cerebrales o del sistema nervioso tenían antecedentes de tortura frente al 3,1 por ciento de los que no habían sido diagnosticados. El diagnóstico más común fue epilepsia (un 30 por ciento), dolores en la espalda (un 27 por ciento) y dolores de cabeza (cerca de un 12 por ciento).

Los neurólogos atendieron al 14 por ciento de esos casos, 179 pacientes, y la educación sanitaria llegó a cerca del 11 por ciento de los refugiados con trastornos cerebrales.

“[…] Nuestra investigación resalta la perentoria necesidad de asistencia neurológica y educación sanitaria respecto a los trastornos neurológicos y planificación a largo plazo para los refugiados de los países destrozados por la guerra”, afirma Mateen.

La investigación ha sido apoyada por la beca 2010 Practice Research Training Fellowship de la Fundación de la Academia Americana de Neurología.

Notas:

1. Asociación de más de 22.500 neurólogos y profesionales de las neurociencias dedicada a promover la mejor atención médica a pacientes neurológicos. Un neurólogo es un médico especializado en el diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento de patologías del cerebro y del sistema nervioso, como la enfermedad de Alzheimer, el derrame cerebral, migraña, esclerosis múltiple, traumatismos cerebrales, epilepsia y enfermedad de Parkinson.

Texto original disponible en inglés en: http://www.uruknet.de/?s1=1&p=76819&s2=14

Increase in time of birth defects and miscarriages in Fallujah since 2003 and its association with toxic metals load in the population and in newborns and children with birth defects and their families

27 marzo, 2011

Press release newweapons

March 25, 2011-03-10

 

We have published today on the Newweapons web site (www. Newweapons.org) a full scientific investigation on the birth defects increase in Falluhja. Unusually high frequency of birth defects and miscarriages was observed over the years following 2003, with gradual increase since then and with birth defects frequencies not decreasing up to November 2010.

For 2010, medical sources in Falluhja reported to us 14.7% of birth defects. This is about 10 folds higher compared to the frequencies in the same families in the years 1991-2001. Also miscarriage rates have increase considerably over the time from 2003.

The modalities of the presentation of the birth defects in 56 families studied and in their immediate kin (1256 people) indicates that genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, post-mutational, but potentially transmissible to the progeny, may be responsible of the events.

The finding suggest that continuing environmental contamination due to war associated and long lasting contaminants, like teratogenic metals, could be determining the reproductive damage.

The high rate of birth defects is associated with an increase in the hair the hair of children and adults of metals components of weaponry used in the recent wars in Iraq, but also in Lebanon and Gaza and Afghanistan. The study presented here can be seminal also for the decreased reproductive health in these countries.

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From the analysis of metals in hair of 43 children with birth defects and 103 their parents, and of 11 healthy newborns and 16 their parents is shown that metal contamination is diffuse in the whole population of the town of Falluhja and is present already in newborn children hair.

The authors report that absolute levels of teratogenic and carcinogenic  contaminants (Vanadium, Cobalt, Molybden, Uranium and Lead)  were significantly higher in Iraqi than in controls from other areas, with Lead levels in children with birth defects and Uranium in their parents higher respectively than that in other newborns or parents of normal Falluhja children.

The composite metal load might be a major factor in the increase in time of events that lead to birth defects and miscarriages registered in the last years.

Notes:

Notwithstanding the attention upon pre-enquiry for this science manuscript from various scientific Journals, including prestigious ones, there have been political and other pressures that suggested to choose press modality of publication. The Iraqi authors retired their assent to publish in scientific Journals, blocking de factu an already done submission to Lancet.

This pressure was achieved by the use of unproper methods of intimidation first and then under the claim of disagreement in results with those of other undisclosed reports. We believe that this was a political action with modalities outside those customary in science, and for aims that elude acquisition of knowledge of facts and open confrontation through collaboration or through publication of studies.

We identify as final aim of these studies the need to contribute to develop tools to improve the reproductive health of the populations of victims of long-term effects of war and all the studies done will contribute to this aim.

We chose therefore to send to press this contribute to future scientific memory and for what we consider to be the best information of all parties involved in the long term damages in all the countries interested.

The work is presented in the name of only one of the contributing authors, to save the other consenting authors from the treats we received.

The author that is presenting the report is responsible for the project design and coordinated the research, received the release of the clinical data and hair samples from the General Hospital of Falluhja and that of the analytical data from an internationally certified laboratory.

We strongly hope that more studies will be done and published on this matter, that eventual scientific differences in results will be dealt by preliminary honest confrontation among the scientists, doing the next useful steps to find truth and eventual mistakes, or be done openly after data publication.

We are issuing a call for independent research in the field to international Institutions and the wide scientific community.

Authors’ contributions to the study

Two medical doctors in general hospital of Falluhja were responsible for the registration and collection of data and patients consent, for the clinical diagnosis and for the collection of hair samples.

Two analytical chemistry professors in Italy were responsible for the procedures of preparation and analysis of hair samples.

A medical doctor was responsible for the statistical analysis of the data, their rationalization and contributed with the corresponding tables and to the writing of the manuscript.

Myself, Paola Manduca, undersigned, designed the experiments, prepared the historical  registration protocol, coordinated the work, wrote the manuscript, prepared the figures and tables, was recipient of the funding for the work;  I am  responsible for the frame of interpretation of the data.

Paola Manduca, Geneticist, University of Genoa, Italy and coordinator of Newweapons research group

March 25, 2011